How does it work?
The realization of an offshore wind farm is the result of a long and complex process that can be split up into three main phases:
- Development and contracting
- Manufacturing and installation
- Operations and maintenance
Development and contracting
During the development phase, a large number of studies are executed in order to complete the design, conclude the necessary contracts and financing, as well as reduce or mitigate the risks:
- Concession applications: concession area & environmental conditions
- Feasibility study: wind simulations, risk assessments, ...
- Permitting: environmental impact assessment, permit requests, ...
- Design: wind turbines, foundations, offshore transformer station, ...
- Contracting: negotiating offers and contracts of the different lots, ...
- Financing: obtaining net assets, the required support from the shareholders and arrange the external funding of the project together with commercial banks and multilaterals.
Manufacturing and installation
The manufacturing & installation phase is split up as follows:
- Preparation of the seabed
- Manufacturing and laying of foundations
- Manufacturing and installation of wind turbines
- Building and installation of the offshore transformer station
- Manufacturing and laying of infield, export & land cables
Operations and maintenance
During the operational phase of the offshore wind farm, which lasts 20 to 22 years, a large number of things need to be monitored and optimized:
- Monitoring and maintenance of turbines, foundations and electrical infrastructure
- Environmental monitoring
- Production and capacity optimization
Of course, a wind farm needs to be managed with the utmost caution and attention to detail. All maintenance efforts are preventive or corrective and safeguard the level of efficiency of the wind farm.
Nevertheless, the most important is of course the production and delivery of green and clean energy to the Belgian market!